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What is anesthesia?

Anesthesiology is a branch of medicine aimed at pain relief of patients, more precisely presurgical preparation of the patient, pain relief during the surgical procedure and postsurgical treatment of pain. In addition, anesthesiology deals with the monitoring and treatment of homeostatic perfusion disorders in the organism associated with surgical and non-surgical suffering. Therefore anesthesiology is closely related to resuscitation and intensive treatment, as well as coping with emergencies.

The word anesthesiology comes from the Greek word anaesthesiologia, i.e. an = no, esthesia = sense and logia=science. The term anesthesia implies artificially induced state of insensitivity of the whole body or only a part of the body (general or regional anesthesia).