The lungs are one of the most important organs in our body. They are responsible for gas exchange or filling the blood with oxygen which is then distributed to the whole body, and they are responsible for the elimination of carbon dioxide from the blood outside the body. The lungs are located in the chest on both sides of the heart.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF A LUNG DISEASE?
A multitude of symptoms suggest the need to visit a pulmonologist because of the possibility of a lung disease. Some of the symptoms include: – Difficulty breathing – Lack of air – Cough that lasts longer than a normal cold – Continuous creation of a green discharge
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED? Several types of tests are used for diagnosis and evaluation of the condition, according to which the best solution for treatment is determined. Pulmonary functional tests. Pulmonary functional tests measure how well your lungs “work”, and these include: – Spirometry – Volume tests
SURGERY OF LUNGS is performed in patients with lung diseases where surgical treatment is required. The surgery can be performed with thoracotomy or thoracoscopy. Depending on the disease, there are several types of surgery.
LOBECTOMY is a surgical procedure wherewith one lobe of the lungs that has cancer cells is removed. If both lobes are removed, this procedure is called bilobectomy. • A possible option is Sleeve – lobectomy which is a surgical procedure where in addition to removal of the lobe, also a part of the main stembronchus is removed.
PULMECTOMY is a surgical procedure wherewith an entire lung is removed.
WEDGE – RESECTION is a surgical procedure when a small, well limited part of the lungs that contains cancer cells is removed, together with the surrounding healthy tissue.
SEGMENTECTOMY is a surgical procedure when a larger segment/part of the lungs is removed, however the entire lobe is removed.