It is a medical branch that deals with diagnostics and treatment of diseases of ears, nose and throat
Diseases which cover all three regions/ear, nose and throat
- Congenital anomalies
- Acute and chronic infections
This also includes diseases of the salivary glands, the thyroid gland.
Other diseases localized in the ear
- Conditions of the middle ear with a rupture
- Conditions of reduced hearing/acute, chronic, age-related/
- Buzzing in ears/tinnitus
- Conditions of impaired balance, vertigo
Other diseases localized in nose/ and sinuses
- Nasal congestion, problem with the sense of smell
- Nasal polyps and/or sinuses
- Nasal / sinus allergy
Other diseases of pharynx/larynx
- Nasal obstruction in enlarged third tonsil/adenoids
- Hypertrophy of tonsils
- OSA /obstructive sleep apnea
Flexible / fiber / nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (Vivideo Pentax Medical) – a technological revolution in the diagnostics in the fields of otorhinolaryngology, only in Zan Mitrev Clinic.
VivideoPentaxMedical flexible/fiber/nasopharyngolaryngoscope provides fast, simple and precise diagnostics.
Using a small flexible probe, an examination of the upper respiratory tract is performed starting from the entry point to the nasal spaces, an estimation of the epipharynx/the laryngeal vestibule, representation of the third tonsil, up to the vocal cords/and the larynx, as well as the initial part of the trachea.
The most common conditions that can be accurately diagnosed by means of this method.
- Changes in the nasal spaces – hypertrophic changes, changes within an allergy, presence of secretion, nasal septum distortion/deviation, tumors
- Changes to the laryngeal vestibule/the epipharynx – assessment of the third tonsil in children, hypertrophy of the lymphatic tissue, tumor changes
- Changes in the root of the tongue, the lower part of the throat and larynx – benign and malignant changes, polyps of vocal cords
The procedure is painless, and it lasts a couple of minutes.
The extremely small diameter of the probe makes the examination much simpler and easier for the patient compared to other nasopharyngolaryngoscopes.
Enables precise evaluation of structures with an HD video display and an option for video recording.
- The flexible (fiber) nasopharyngolaryngoscopy is a superior diagnostic procedure compared to the other methods for visualization of the anatomic structures of the upper respiratory tracts (nasal cavities, epipharynx, hypopharynx, larynx). By means of a small flexible probe, these structures are inspected starting from the entry to the nasal cavities up to the vocal cords and the larynx, as well as the initial part of the trachea
- the procedure is painless, it lasts several minutes
- it provides quick, simple and accurate diagnostics
- the sophisticated modern apparatus for Fiber Naso‑Pharyngo‑Laryngoscopy provides accurate evaluation of the upper respiratory tract with HD video display and a possibility for a video recording
- Diagnostic method for examination of the external hearing channel and the ear drum by means of a microscope that provides multiple enlargement, thus better visualization and a possibility for better assessment of the local finding
- It is a superior method compared to classical otoscopy, especially in children due to the anatomical constraints in regard to the size of the outer ear canal and the ear drum
- Minor outpatient interventions can be performed during otomicroscopy: aspiration of a discharge / or cerumen (wax) from the outer ear canal, taking a swab from the ear, removal of polyps or biopsy, post-operative care
- Video otomicroscopy provides an additional video display of the very procedure of otomicroscopy
- Diagnostic method for hearing examination
- It is a subjective method / cooperation with the patient is required. For these reasons it can be used in children over 4 years of age, and adults
- Using two pairs of headphones, the air and bone conductivity of the sound waves is examined. By applying tones of different intensity and frequency, a graphic display of the state of hearing is obtained – audiogram
- There are two types of hearing impairment – conductive and sensorineural, and their combination
- the obtained audiometric findings may suggest the possible etiology of the hearing loss
- something that is of particular diagnostic importance for ear diseases is the comparative analysis of the three most important diagnostic methods: otomicroscopy, audiometry and tympanometry