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Transfusion medicine

Transfusion medicine (or transfusiology) is a medical branch that refers to transfusion of blood and blood components and hemovigilance. The activity is performed by laboratory technicians – transfusionists under the supervision of a doctor specialist – transfusiologist.

Hemovigilance covers all activities in the chain of transfusion medicine from the blood donor to the recipient. These procedures allow identification and prevention of the occurrence or recurrence of side effects associated with the transfusion of blood components in order to increase the safety and the efficiency during blood transfusion (WHO). In this regard is the rational use of blood components (timely transfusion only where it is really necessary), because blood is a limited resource of human origin, but also a transplant of a foreign tissue whose use is associated with a series of side-effects in the recipient.